Throat

Throat disorders (laryngology) can be very common and can be quite uncomfortable. We can help! At Cortland Surgical, our team has the ability to thoroughly evaluate your throat problem and create a treatment plan that is specific to you.

Common conditions affecting the throat:

  • Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) – a condition in which the stomach contents leak backwards from the stomach into the esophagus (the tube from the mouth to the stomach).
  • Hoarseness – can be caused by many of the same conditions that cause sore throats, particularly smoking.
  • Laryngitis – an inflammation of the voice box, or larynx, that causes your voice to become raspy or hoarse. Laryngitis can be short-term or long-lasting (chronic).
  • Lump in the neck or thyroid
  • Recurring sore throat – can be caused by viral or bacterial infections, irritants such as smoke or air pollution and injuries.
  • Swallowing disorder – usually caused by blockage in the throat or esophagus, or a problem with the muscles and nerves.
  • Throat cancer – cancerous tumors that develop in your throat (pharynx), voice box (larynx) or tonsils are all variations of throat cancer, the primary cause of which is smoking.
  • Thyroid disorders – can include nodules, hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism, goiter, thyroiditis, or thyroid cancer
  • Tonsil and adenoid infections (most common in children)

Common surgeries for throat disorders:

  • Adenoidectomy – removal of the adenoids to eliminate snoring, chronic cough, or restless sleep, and as sleep apnea treatment.
  • Esophagoscopy – procedure in which a flexible endoscope is inserted through the mouth or, more rarely, into the nostrils and into the esophagus. The endoscope uses a charge-coupled device to display magnified images on a video screen, and allows your doctor to look into your esophagus.
  • Laryngoscopy with Biopsy – an examination that lets your doctor look at the back of your throat, your voice box (larynx), and your vocal cords with a scope.
  • Panendoscopy – a procedure that allows the physician to examine the lining of the upper part of the gastrointestinal tract.
  • Parotidectomy – the surgical removal of the parotid gland, the major and largest of the salivary glands.
  • Sialendoscopy – a minimally invasive endoscopic technique used to complement or replace standard open surgical procedures. A flexible scope is introduced through the opening of the salivary gland duct to evaluate the pathologies within the gland and also to remove stones or other obstructions.
  • Tonsillectomy – removal of the tonsils, typically in children or young people who suffer from chronic sore throats, strep infections and inflammations.
  • Trans-nasal esophagoscopy – an endoscopic procedure that can be done at the office. The procedure is used to evaluate the esophagus (the food tube that goes from your mouth to your stomach). The high-tech camera in the endoscope allows us to evaluate patients with problems of swallowing, heartburn, etc.
  • Thyroidectomy – the removal of all or part of the thyroid gland. Thyroidectomy is used to treat thyroid disorders such as cancer, noncancerous enlargement of the thyroid (goiter) and overactive thyroid (hyperthyroidism).